What is the religious significance of Shaligram?

For more than two thousand years, Shaligram Shila has been an integral part of Hindu ritual practice in Nepal and the Indian subcontinent. In fact, Shaligram Shila is sacred to Vaishnavas (especially those who worship Lord  Krishna), Hindus, and other Vishnu Bhakta all over the world. Devotees believe that Sahligram Shila is Lord Vishnu himself in the form of a stone. In this blog, we will explore what Shaligram is, how it originated, and what significance it holds in various religious and spiritual practices.

What is a Shaligram?

Read: What is a Shaligram?

A Shaligram is a special type of black rock found in the Kali Gandaki river valley of Mustang in Nepal. The place is usually known as the Shaligramkshetra or Muktikshetra (meaning ‘Shaligram area’). Devotees come to visit Shaligram in Setiveni on the banks of Kaligandaki as it is the largest Shaligram in the world.

The actual origin site of this Shila is Damodar Kunda lake, which lies in the lap of the Damodar Himal. This exact location of Damodar Kunda is a few days far from the Muktinath Temple. The Shaligramkshetra is extended vertically from the Northern region of the Upper Mustang to the Southern part of Nepal in Ruru (a part of the Palpa district) and the Narayani Water Course.

Shaligram: Living Fossils

Science recognizes Shaligram as prehistoric fossils. Palaeontologists point out that Shaligram stones are ammonoid fossils that existed for million years ago. Prehistoric molluscs, now extinct, lived in the primordial Tethys Sea between 400 million and 65 million years ago. The Tethys Sea fossils came to be found in the high Himalayas because of geological continental drift. When two old continents began to merge in a tectonic collision about 50 million years ago, the sea between them gradually disappeared. Over time, the ammonites and seabed fossils, and mega rocks slowly pushed up as the Himalayas rose along the line where the continents converged to form what we know today as the Indian Subcontinent and Tibetan Plateau.

You can find several kinds of fossils in the Himalayas, but Shaligram ammonites are found only along the Kali Gandaki River and its tributaries. Hindu devotees are believed to take these Shaligram Shilas home while returning home from pilgrimages to this part of Nepal. As local religious practices and rites began spreading, people began worshipping them in household altars and in neighbourhood shrines all across Southasia.

Where science and religion overlap is people believe that Shaligrams are the stone forms of Narayana or Lord Vishnu, and he lived in the Ocean according to religious beliefs.

Religious Significance of Shaligrams

Among the many stones found in the Kali Gandaki river banks, this stone with special properties is called a ‘Shila’ instead of a stone. As people believe that Lord Vishnu grew up on the shores of the Kali Gandaki river, people from all over the world come to visit the sacred river and worship Lord Vishnu. In any temple, all over the world, Shaligram represents Lord Vishnu and if there are any statues to be made of him, they must be carved from the rare Shilagram stones.

In Hinduism, the importance and significance of Shaligrams are quoted in different Puranas. Devotees worship the stones out of respect for these sacred Puranas and follow the tradition strictly. They believe that Shaligram holds more worth than any other materials like gold, silver, etc. There are different tales and beliefs about Shaligrams in different Puranas. For example, according to the Skanda Puran, water that has touched Shaligrams transforms into Amrit (loosely translate to ‘holy nectar’). It has the ability to cure all illnesses and rid of the sins of those who drink it.

Holy rivers like the Kali Gandaki, Ganga, and the Godavari are the Amrit of the real Shaligram in Muktinath. That is why according to the Padma Puran, people who visit, see, worship, or bathe in these holy rivers will be blessed by Lord Vishnu himself. They will rid of all fears, and tensions, and protect worshippers against evil forces. Worshipping Shaligram will bring light, happiness, good health, and prosperity to the devotees. Furthermore, Shaligram is further used for meditational purposes and to achieve spiritual liberation or Siddhi.

This is why Shaligrams found in the Kali Gandaki region are considered real and sacred. They have special qualities like; density, colour, smoothness, and special shapes of chakras in the rocks. As a result, they are sought after by many pilgrims all over the world.

Benefits of worshipping Shaligram

There are hundreds of benefits of worshipping Shaligram. People worship Shaligram Shila for health, wealth, prosperity, and spiritual blessings. Other than these, there are more benefits of worshipping Shaligram at home or in temples.

  • It protects you from negative energy and wards off evil spirits.
  • Brings happiness and prosperity into your life
  • Removes obstacles and bad luck in life
  • Blesses with health and wealth
  • Brings good fortune and luck in life
  • Unites your family
  • Removes Vishnu Dosha
  • Removes Kundali Dosha
  • Brings success

Worshipping Shaligram brings many benefits and advantages to you and your family. It is important to make sure you are worshipping a real Shaligram and not a fake stone. Worshipping a fake stone will not bring any goodness and fortune as worshipping a genuine Shaligarm. Therefore it is important to purchase real Shaligram. 

How to identify real Shaligram?

Because Shaligrams are widely popular and worshipped all over the world, people sell fake stones made of concrete and paint them black. Very few people sell original, genuine Shaligram stones. Although it can be difficult to identify the real stones from the fake ones, there are a few things to look for.

Shaligrams are irregular in shape and size because of nature. So, if someone is selling you stones of incredibly regular and same shapes, they are not real. Shaligram Mala (garlands) are also popular these days. But these are not genuine Shila as it is not possible to find stones of regular sizes and holes drilled in them. Some people also sell Shaligram Shila with gods carved in them. Although they can be real, it takes away from the natural and sacred nature of the stones when people carve art in them.

Real Shaligram stones are rock-solid, black, smooth, and come in different shapes and sizes. In fact, Shaligram Shila comes in different colours like yellow, blue, white, and, even red. They are rare and equally holy as black Shila. However, different coloured Shilas are worshipped for different purposes. Like dark Shilas are accepted and worshipped widely everywhere; in temples or homes. Whereas, red Shilas are more suitable for temples only.

No matter the colour or the number of Shaligram you worship, do it with good intentions and with respect. Since it is hard to handle and maintain, you can consult experts and priests at temples before buying Shaligram. They will also help you identify reak Shila from fake ones.